An Interdisciplinary Knowledge Transfer Approach to Facilitate Sustainable Development: Australia as an Example
The triple helix model has been proposed to facilitate commercialization of intellectual property and involves government, university and industry interaction to increase productivity. Several countries, including Australia have been described in terms of the extent of their adherence to this model. However, the description of commercialization has generally been limited to a few outcomes with economic growth and profit as the only considerations. This paper motivates for the description to be extended to incorporate other benefits such as environmental impact of the products and processes developed. It also looks at how Australia's research and development environment of cooperative research centres and industrial clusters could include knowledge from professionals with a 'triple bottom line' focus. These scientists, engineers and business people would drive this focus in new product development as well as bring in new industry projects facilitating cleaner production and eco-efficiency. This paper discusses a few examples of opportunities and projects a country can, through small improvements, use to become incrementally more environmentally sustainable while gaining economic benefits.
Keywords: Sustainable Development, Cleaner Production, Triple Helix Model, Commercialization, Australia
Dr. Alan R. Howgrave-Graham
Lecturer, School of Applied Sciences and Engineering, Monash University