A Social Economic Assessment of Market Based Land Reforms In Zambia
Land and its legality is a highly contentious issue in sub- Sahara Africa. To own and use land forms the basis of livelihood in many African societies. Reforms have been introduced in varying dimensions and in diverse countries. The aims of the reforms to land have equally been different. Many theories have been applied to reform processes in sub-Sahara Africa. Zambia in the early 1990’s adopted the Market based approach to land reforms after the failure of the socialist approach adopted after independence. Results have been diverse in various parts of the country. The effects of this reform have varied from positive benefits such as increase in income of families to negative effects such as displacement of families. It was thus the task of this research to investigate the implementation process of reform and also assess the benefits that can be derived using several parameters. The relevance of this research lies in the context of urbanization and the sustainability of human settlements especially in the rural areas.
Keywords: Market Based Land Reforms
Mweembe Muleya Mudenda
Programme Assistant, Land and Water Division, Food and Agriculture Organization