Rethinking Environmental Problems

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This paper suggests an alternative response to environmental problems and challenges. The way nature is viewed, the system under which the environment is being used or misused, the environmental equivalent used to measure the environment and the influence on the nature of business exchanges are explored. Nature or environment is currently viewed through the reductionist simplifications of the scientific method, that leads to standardisation and systematisation. Environmental activism has been successful in increasing public awareness of sustainability issues. However, this approach has developed into ecomilitarism, and environmentalism appears to be the practice of the day. Meanwhile factory capitalism is changing to finance or paper capitalism. In addressing environmental problems and challenges, man has come to consider himself as measurer of the world. However, the evaluation of the environment is based on a measure that uses different yardsticks across national borders. How does this philosophy affect the world today?


Keywords: Rethinking, Environment, Environmental Equivalent
Stream: Environmental Sustainability
Presentation Type: Paper Presentation in English
Paper: A paper has not yet been submitted.


Dr. Mahamad Hakimi Ibrahim

Associate Professor, Division of Environmental Technology
School of Industrial Technology, Universiti Sains Malaysia

Penang, Malaysia

Assoc Prof Dr. Hakimi graduated with a BSc (1981) and MSc (1982) in Chemical Engineering from University of Manchester Institute of Science and Technology (UMIST), Manchester, UK and PhD (Chemical Engineering, 1994) from Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Bangi.

Lecturing at Universiti Sains Malaysia since 1982 with teaching, research and consultancy interests in Chemical Engineering, Air Pollution Technology, Environmental Technology Education, Environmental Political-Economy, Society and Environmental issues and also Gold Dinar Economy.

In USM he is the secretary to Islamic Political Economy International Network (ISNET-USM), which organises the International Islamic Political Economy Conference Series. Dr Hakimi is a member of the editorial board of the International Journal of Alternative Political Economy and also the coordinator of the Gold Dinar Research Group at Universiti Sains Malaysia (GDRG-USM - www.usm.my/dinar). He is also a founder member of a new gold dinar based cooperative called the KoDinarMas at Universiti Sains Malaysia.

Dr. Norizan Binti Esa

Lecturer, School of Educational Studies, Universiti Sains Malaysia
Minden, Penang, Malaysia

Dr Norizan graduated with a BSc (1981) in Biology from University of Manchester, UK, MA (1994) in Education from Lancaster University, UK and PhD (Science Education, 2002) from Universiti Sains Malaysia, Penang.

She was a teacher in several secondary schools, teaching primarily Biology, Science and Mathematics before becoming a lecturer at a Teacher Training Institution (Institut Perguruan Sultan Abdul Halim) from 2002. She joined Universiti Sains Malaysia in 2007 as a lecturer in Statistics Education and Science Education. Her teaching and research interests include Statistics Education, Science Education, Philosophy and Thinking, Madinan Education Practice, Society and Environmental issues and Gold Dinar Economy.

Ref: S08P0024