Passive Cooling Systems in Desert Architecture by Traditional Sustainable Solutions of Iran

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In a vast country such as Iran, with different climatic zone, traditional builders have presented a series of logical solutions for human comfort. Nowadays, the knowledge of building ecology focuses on its capacity to integrate environmental and climatic parameters into design and thus enhances space qualities such as comfort ability. Its features are based on climatic factors as well as local construction materials of hot-arid regions and natural cooling systems are one of these feature.
There are various natural cooling systems in traditional architecture of Iran Like: Qanats, Showdan, Shabestan, Khishkhan, Hozkhaneh, internal courtyard houses, the below-ground courtyard, and Badgir (windcatcher). Furthermore, the desert buildings are equipped with arched roofed, water reservoirs with arched domes, ice stores for the preservation of ice, and urban texture in these areas is harmonised with conditions of life and natural factors. The operation of modern coolers is similar to the old Iranian air traps. Therefore, traditional building techniques are normally well adapted to the climate and we can use them with new technology. Result of this approach is harmony with nature. The aim of this research is to demonstrate the rule of natural cooling systems in sustainability of traditional architecture in hot-arid climate of Iran.

Keywords: Passive Cooling, Sustainable Architecture, Ecological Solutions, Hot-arid Climate, Traditional Houses
Stream: Environmental Sustainability
Presentation Type: Virtual Presentation in English
Paper: , Passive Cooling in Architecture by Vernacular Sustainable Solutions in Iran

Prof. Dr. S. Majid Mofidi

Affiliation not supplied
Iran (Islamic Republic of)

Narges Dehghan

Affiliation not supplied
isfahan, isfahan, Iran (Islamic Republic of)

Ref: S08P0231