Renewable and Sustainable Alternative Source of Energy for Women's Homes in Third World Countries

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This paper discusses the possibility of discovering alternative sources of energy for the benefits of women in the developing countries of Africa. We identified that most of the energy sources used in homes today are not friendly to the environment. Fossil fuel (in form of cooking gas and kerosene) pollutes and it is not renewable. This planet cannot continue in existence once this source of energy (fossil fuel) has been depleted hence the need for alternate source. Fuel wood encourages deforestation and desertification. The Sahara and most deserts are expanding and it is affecting the lives of animals and man health wise. The paper therefore addresses the question of what we can do to prevent the depletion of our sources of energy. How can we extend the lives of energy sources are using now? How can we produce alternative source of energy which is not only an alternative but also renewable? Researches have shown that 75 percent of energy consumed in most third world societies is made of fuel wood. It has been established that this source of energy is now causing problem for the environment especially in the Sudan - Sahellian region of Africa Fuel wood energy source encourages desertification and other environmental vices. This shows that a debate on finding an alternative renewable energy source will go a long way to help women and the society. This paper will specifically:- i. Take a global look at position of energy today.

ii. Understand the energy sources in the developing countries.

iii. Examine the effect of these on Nigerian women and the environment.

iv. Identify the renewable energy source presently available to Nigerian women and do critical view of their sustainability and

v. Examine the alternative sources of energy and the ones that will affordable and intelligible to the Nigeria women.


Keywords: Energy, Environment, Third World, Fuel wood, Fossil Fuel, Women
Stream: Environmental Sustainability
Presentation Type: Paper Presentation in English
Paper: A paper has not yet been submitted.


Dr. Zacchaeus Ogunnika

Professor, Department of Sociology, Social Work and Criminal Justice, Virginia State University
Petersburg, Virginia, USA

Dr. Ogunnika obtained the B.Sc Sociology from Universiy of Lagos Nigeria. His Masters in Sociology from New York University and the Ph.D from the New School for Social Research in New York USA. He is a lover of environment. He believes in interpretative approach to the understanding of phenomenon. This led to his conviction that the social and the natural are intertwined. In the area of environmental issue he believes that a strong intellectual cooperation and collaborative investigations by the socio- cultural sciences and the physico chemical sciences is the way forward to the solution of environmental degradation.

Ref: S08P0228