Heritage Tourism: Historic Buildings and Monuments of Important Past Events

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There has been increasing interest in heritage tourism both as a subject of academic study and as a growing component of the tourism industry. In simple terms, heritage tourism is ‘tourism which is based on heritage’; heritage sites and attractions constitute the foundation of this type of tourism. It presents enormous economic potentials and if properly developed and managed, it will help to protect a country’s natural and cultural assets. Prior to the opening up of the Suez Canal, the seas of Mauritius were frequently navigated and ultimately Mauritius became a significant naval location in the Indian Ocean. Due to its strategic location, the island became a highly rated ‘quest’ for both the French and the British. In year 2010, the Government of the Republic of Mauritius will stage grand celebrations to commemorate the 200th anniversary of the great naval battle of Vieux-Grand-Port during which the British took possession of the island from the French. This commemoration will bring forth ample opportunities to revalorise ‘historic buildings and monuments of important past events’ around the island. Mauritius has been a colony of old European sea powers, namely Dutch, French and lastly the British. It is obvious from the above that Mauritius has a rich legacy of buildings and structures, especially related to the naval military. Forts and batteries are amongst those buildings which served for defence and carry huge historical significance. This paper sets in context some of the most significant historic buildings and monuments of important past events. Surveys and interviews will be used to gauge the local population’s awareness and perception about these sites. It will further explore the tourist potentials of these sites and study possibilities to integrate the same in some sort of national policy for heritage tourism in the island. This paper also aims at developing a comprehensive framework about heritage tourism and the local community.

Keywords: Heritage, Historic Buildings, Monuments, Tourism, Mauritius
Stream: Cultural Sustainability
Presentation Type: Virtual Presentation in English
Paper: Heritage Tourism

Dr. Gowtam Raj Chintaram

Research Scholar, School of Public Sector Policy and Management, University of Technology Mauritius
Pointe aux Sables, Port-Louis, Mauritius

Gowtam Raj CHINTARAM holds an MSc in Public Sector Management (with distinction) from the University of Technology, Mauritius (UTM).He is currently on a full time PhD research scholarship at UTM and doing his thesis on ‘Alternative Tourism in Island Destinations: Sustainable Tourism Development in Mauritius’. Raj is also a member of numerous local and international NGOs and very much engaged in the civil society. His engagement in the civil society has widely been recognised and in 2006, he as nominated as The Most Outstanding Young Person 2006 (Junior Chamber International). He is currently the Secretary of the Mauritian Chapter of African Union’s ECOSOCC. Raj has also been an active environmentalist and has long been associated with community-based projects. He has a preference for issues and themes related to sustainable development.

Prof. Ramesh Durbarry

Head of School, School of Public Sector Policy and Management, University of Technology, Mauritius
Pointe aux Sables, Mauritius, Mauritius

Dr Ramesh Durbarry has particular interest in applied economics and econometric modelling. He completed his PhD at the School of Economics, University of Nottingham in 1998. He has worked on projects for UNCTAD and EU. He has lectured Econometrics (theory and applied), Research Methods, Tourism Business, Markets and Strategy, Marketing Strategies for Tourism and Travel at both the undergraduate and postgraduate levels.

Ramesh is undertaking research on tourism and travel, tourism taxation, price sensitivity of tourism and the impact of the tourism sector on the economies of the United Kingdom, Balearic and Canary Islands and Malta. He is also specialising on the econometric modelling of tourism demand, both inbound and outbound, using single equation and system of equations models within static and dynamic contexts.

Recent Publications:
Blake, A., R. Durbarry, J.L. Eugenio-Martin, N. Gooroochurn, B. Hay, J. Lennon, M.T. Sinclair, G. Sugiyarto and I. Yeoman (2006) "Integrating forecasting and CGE models: The case of tourism in Scotland", Tourism Management, Vol. 27(2): 292-305.

Marie-Louise Mangion, Ramesh Durbarry, M. Thea Sinclair (2004/5) "Tourism Competitiveness: Price and Quality" paper accepted for publication in Tourism Economics (forthcoming).

Z. Han, Durbarry, R and M.T. Sinclair (2005) 'Modelling US Tourism Demand for European Destinations', Tourism Management (forthcoming).

Durbarry, R. (2005) 'Tourism and Economic Development: Case Studies from the Indian Ocean Region', Book Review, Tourism Management (forthcoming).

Durbarry, R (2004), 'Tourism and Economic Growth', Tourism Economics, Vol.10 (4), pp 389-401.

Durbarry, R (2004) 'Foreign Aid: Is It All Consumed?', Journal of International Development. Vol. 16, pp. 189-199.

Blake A., Durbarry Ramesh, Juan L. Eugenio Martin, Nishaal Gooroochurn, Brian Hay, John Lennon, Guntur Sugiyarto, M. Thea Sinclair, Ian Yeoman (2004) 'Integrating Forecasting and CGE Models: A Case Study of Tourism in Scotland', Accepted for publication in Tourism Management (forthcoming).

Chapters in Books
Durbarry, R. (2003) 'UK's Tourism Demand in the Mediterranean Countries' in Veloutsou C., Communicating with Customers: Trends and Developments, Athens Institute of Education and Research (ATINER), ISBN 960-87822-0-1.

Durbarry, R.; Sinclair, M. T. 'Explaining Tourism Demand' in P. Downward and L. Lumsdon (eds.), 2003, Essential Data Skills for Leisure and Tourism Management. London: Office for National Statistics and Statistics for Education (forthcoming).

'The Mauritius Export Processing Zone', Chapter 6 in The Mauritian Economy: A Reader, edited by R. Dabee and D. Greenaway, 2001. Houndmills: Palgrave.

Conferences and Presentations
October 2003 "AIDS and Hedonic Pricing Models: Their Relevance to Tourism Practitioners" with Thea Sinclair and M.L. Mangion, accepted and presented in the Tourism Modelling and Competitiveness Conference, Paphos, Cyprus, October 31- November1, 2003.

Prof. Thomas Baum

Professor of International Tourism and Hospitality Management, Department of Hospitality and Tourism Management, University of Strathclyde
Glasgow, Scotland, Mauritius

Tom Baum has a research and publications profile with a very strong international focus. His prime research area is human resource management, applied to the hospitality and tourism sector. Particular work focuses on hospitality/tourism education and training, especially at a national level. A major interest is that of skills and skills formation in hospitality and tourism. Tom is actively involved with a number of collaborative research networks, particularly in the areas of migrant labour and volunteer work in the events sector. Other areas of interest include tourism in peripheral areas and tourism transport. Professor Baum has authored and edited a range of books and a large number of scientific publications in these areas. (See below)

Tom studied education at the University of Wales , Aberystwyth before commencing a research and teaching career in this area, with attachments in Trent Polytechnic (now Nottingham Trent University ) and the University of Ulster . A change of professional direction saw Tom spend eight years in hospitality/tourism training and consulting, based with CERT in Dublin Before moving to the University of Strathclyde in 1996, Tom Baum was Professor of International Hotel and Tourism Management at the University of Buckingham for six years and was responsible for the undergraduate and postgraduate courses. In Strathclyde, Tom Undertook the role of Head of Department from 1998 to 2004.

Tom has worked, in a teaching and consulting capacity, in a number of countries in Asia, Australasia, the Middle East, Eastern Europe and the Caribbean . He has acted as examiner and assessor in universities in Europe, China , Malaysia , Australia , New Zealand , South Africa , Kenya , Canada and the Caribbean as well as in the UK .

Tom Baum has served as President of EuroCHRIE and a Board Member of International CHRIE. He was 2001 recipient of the John Wiley and Sons Research Award.

Tom Baum teaches or has taught in a number of core areas of tourism and hospitality at undergraduate and postgraduate levels including Human resource Management; International Human Resource Management; Transport for Tourism; Service Operations Management; Education and Training for Hospitality and Tourism; and Project Planning and Facilities Design.

Tom has supervised about 20 doctoral students to completion, working in the areas of:

* Human Resource Management
* Labour Flexibility
* Education and Training
* Change Management
* Crisis Management
* Property Rennovation

Ref: S08P0224