Developing Sustainable Agricultural Policies for East Coast Economic Region of Malaysia

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With the vision to achieve a balanced development between the East Coast and the West Coast by the year 2020, the government of Malaysia has recently announced to undertake massive development projects involving investments totaling RM112 billion in the East Coast Economic Region (ECER). This regional ECER encompasses Pahang, Terengganu, Kelantan and the Mersing district in Johor. The government of Malaysia expects that successful implementation of the proposed projects in ECER will raise the incomes and quality of life of about 3.9 million people with creation of new jobs for 560,000 people in the region. Since the agriculture sector has been placed into the five major economic thrusts of the ECER it is inherent to promote sustainable agricultural policies as to enable and encourage the agriculture stakeholders of the region to meet their current needs without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs. This study is thus an effort to first explore the current agricultural policies implemented within the ECER whether they are compatible with the standard of sustainable agricultural practices. More particularly the study will explore whether or not the current agriculture policies implemented within the ECER are compatible for promoting sustainable agricultural practices within the region particularly for (1) preserving and enhancing biodiversity and rural landscapes that are rich in natural and cultural qualities, (2) producing foods that are pure, i.e., free from contaminants, (3) maintaining the productive capacity of soils, (4) minimizing pollution of soil, water and air, (5) using and recycling plant nutrients efficiently, (6) relying exclusively on renewable energy sources, (7) providing ethically acceptable living conditions for people and animals, (8) integrating agriculture into society and social processes, and (9) offering the farmers a good quality of life and reasonable economic returns. The study will extensively use secondary materials published on the area under study and by the Ministry of Agriculture, Malaysia to interpret and reinterpret to substantiate our arguments. Upon successful completion the study will come up with some new policies that are expected to enable the respective policy and decision-makers in their efforts to promote and implement sustainable agriculture policies within the ECER.


Keywords: Sustainable Agriculture, Policies, East Coast Economic Region, Malaysia
Stream: Environmental Sustainability
Presentation Type: Paper Presentation in English
Paper:


Dr. Wahid Murad

Senior Lecturer in Economics, Department of Economics, Faculty of Management and Economics, University of Malaysia Terengganu (UMT)
Kuala Terengganu, Terengganu, Malaysia

Md. Wahid Murad is presently senior lecturer at the Department of Economics, Faculty of Management and Economics, University of Malaysia Terengganu (UMT), Kuala Terengganu, Malaysia. He is also an Associate Research Fellow of the Institute for Environment and Development (LESTARI), National University of Malaysia, from where he earned his Ph.D. in Environment and Development. He taught economics classes at both undergraduate and postgraduate (MBA) levels and supervised numerous postgraduate research students including PhDs. His research interest includes environmental and development economics; particularly relating to poverty and environment, environmental management, and economic valuation of environmental resources and he has written more than 30 publications in these areas.

Dr. Nik Hashim Nik Mustapha

Professor of Economics, Department of Economics, Faculty of Management and Economics, University of Malaysia Terengganu (UMT)
Kuala Terengganu, Terengganu, Malaysia

Not available at this moment.

Dr. Nik Fuad b. Nik Mohd Kamil

Assoc. Prof., Dept. of Economics
Universiti Malaysia Terengganu, Universiti Malaysia Terengganu

Kuala Terengganu, Terengganu, Malaysia

Assoc. Prof. Dr. Nik Fuad Kamil is an academic staff of Universiti Malaysia Terengganu (UMT). He obtained BSc and MSc in agricultural economics from University of California, Davis, and PhD in agricultural economics from Washington State University in 1984. Nik Fuad began his career as an economist at Malaysian Agricultural Research and Developmnet Institurte (MARDI)and joined UMT in 1996. He has conducted research in many areas including policy analysis and resource valuation. His current research interest is economic development, sustainable livelihood, and resoure valuation.

Dr. Suriyani Muhamad

Lecturer, Department of Economics
Universiti Malaysia Terengganu, University of Malaysia Terengganu (UMT)

Kuala Terengganu, Terengganu, Malaysia

Not available at this moment.

Dr. Azlina Abd Aziz

Lecturer, Department of Economics
Faculty of Management and Economics, Universiti Malaysia Terengganu

Kuala Terengganu, Terengganu, Malaysia

Not available at this moment.

Ref: S08P0206