Biodiversity Conservation and Socio-Economic Benefits through Trophy Hunting in Northern Pakistan

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Markhor (Capra falconeri), inhabiting the rugged, rocky slopes of Pakistan, is categorized as an endangered species placed on Appendix I of CITES. In North West Frontier Province (NWFP), four sub-species of Markhor are found. In NWFP Markhor trophy hunting program was initiated in 1983 with the help of Shikar Safari International with quota of one Markhor hunt worth US$ 5,000. Based on increase in Markhor population, The CITES increased country quota to 12 hunt permits in 2007, of which four permits were allocated to the NWFP worth US$ 54,000 per hunt permit. Of this, 80 % goes to the local communities for socio-economic uplift and conservation of Markhor and its habitat while 20% is retained by the Wildlife Department as admin fee. Purpose of Markhor trophy hunting is the conservation of biodiversity through community support by providing them with economic incentives and a sense of ownership over wildlife resources. Community-based trophy hunting program is like a double-facet package: providing sustainable benefits to the communities and sustainable conservation of biodiversity. Increase in contiguous community game reserves has provided an opportunity for the establishment of a number of conservancies for the conservation of biodiversity at large landscape level. Trophy hunting program is positively contributing to the attitudinal change towards wildlife: people being part of problem turned to be part of the solution. This program need to be further supported, strengthened, and extended to other parts of the country for achieving long-term sustainable conservation and socio-economic benefits.


Keywords: Markhor, Conservancy, Trophy Hunting, Biodiversity, Community, Game Reserve
Stream: Environmental Sustainability
Presentation Type: Paper Presentation in English
Paper: A paper has not yet been submitted.


Ayaz Mohammad Khan

Graduate Student, Wildlife Biology Program
College of Forestry and Conservation, University of Montana

Missoula, Montana, USA

I am pursuing MS in Wildlife Biology from the University of Montana. I also hold a master degree in forestry. I worked for conservation and sustainable development of wildlife resources in the North West Frontier Province of Pakistan with IUCN-The World Conservation, Birdlife International, NWFP Wildlife Department and World Pheasant Association (WPA). I was part of the team working for the conservation of engangered species in the northern parts of the country. My main responsibilities included conducting wildlife surveys, promoting co-management of wildlife, preparation of participatory conservation plans with the local communities, identification of potential sites for establishment of protected areas, awareness raising, demonstration of community-based sustainable use components of biodiversity. Currently, I am working on the management effectiveness of Chitral Gol National Park, Pakistan as part of my MS degree.

Ref: S08P0160