Modeling the Inter-Relationship among Quality of Life, Spirituality and Wellness Using the Structural Equation Modeling Approach
Quality of Life, Spirituality, Wellness, Satisfaction of Human Needs of QOL Structural Equation Modeling
The concept of Quality of life (QOL) has increasingly become the focus of research in different fields such as health care, social services and families. Spirituality and wellness appear to be receiving paramount attention by researchers and are usually linked to the studies of QOL. This paper reports research findings of a study that adopts Satisfaction of Human Needs approach of studying QOL which examines the inter-relationship among QOL, Spirituality and Wellness using Structural Equation Modeling (SEM) which illustrates the causal relationships under study through a series of structural equation and these structural relations are modeled pictorially to enable a clearer conceptualization of the theory under study. The findings of the study illustrate that the hypothesized model proposed in the study fits the sample data fairly well. Upon further examining the results of the analysis, it suggests that there is a significant relationship among the three constructs under study.
Paper Presentation in English
Modelling the Inter-relationship among Quality of Life, Spirituality and Wellness using Structural Equation Modelling Approach
Dr Mahadzirah Mohamad
Associate Professor, Department of Management and Marketing,
Faculty of Management and Economics, Universiti Malaysia Terengganu
Kuala Terengganu, Terengganu, Malaysia
She received her B.B.A. (Marketing) from the Ohio University (U.S.A), an M.B.A. from the Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, and a Ph.D in Marketing from the Univeristy of Exeter (U.K). Dr. Mahadzirah has the experience of teaching several courses in Marketing and Management. Amongst the courses that she had taught include Services Marketing, Marketing Research, Consumer Behaviour, Marketing Communication, Sales Management. Strategic Management, Marketing Management and Organizational Management. Her principal areas of research include Services Marketing, Consumer Services, Employee Motivation and Quality of life. She has published papers and articles in professional journals in these and related areas. Dr. Mahadzirah also has carried out some consultancy work with business and government agencies and conducted executive seminar for the Telekom Malaysia and Renong Group, especially in Services Marketing.
Borhanudin Mohd Yusof @Mohamed
Department of Management and Marketing, Universiti Malaysia Terengganu
He was born on June 27, 1979, in Mersing, Johor, Malaysia and in 1997 enrolled in Universiti Teknologi Mara doing a degree in Information Studies before furthering his master’s degree in Information Management (2004). After graduated, he joined the internship program with Multimedia Development Corporation attached to Knowledge Management Unit. Upon completion the internship program he joined the Ministry of Foreign Affairs Malaysia as an assistant secretary in 2004. With the experience that he has, subsequently he joined UMT as a lecturer at the Department of Management and Marketing, Faculty of Economics and Management.