The Effectiveness of Using Free Satellite Data to Support Strategic Emergency Managers to Plan and Respond to Natural Disasters

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GIS maps play a crucial role in disaster management, as they provide strategic emergency managers with fundamental knowledge of the local area to make contingency plan, or rescue and recovery plans. Modern technology helps geoscientists to produce more accurate and more precise disaster risk maps; however, there are several disadvantages and weakness of these modern systems. First, they are expensive if they are commercial remote sense systems; whereas other software can be accessed free from the internet. Secondly, the development of mapping never catches up the urban development, especially in fast growing developing countries, such as China. Thirdly, because the technology for disaster prediction or forecasting are not well developed or established, some regions are more difficult to identify as disaster-prone areas, such as rural areas, undeveloped or developing countries. In contrast, some agencies may not be able to or have difficulty to get access to disaster maps because their facilities cannot catch up the development of those geographic systems. Lastly, key features listed on these high technical maps do not always meet the needs of strategic emergency planning officers. In addition, these officers may have difficulties to read or interpret them without proper training. There is a need to integrate knowledge, technology, and individuals and organisations, such as data providers, map producers and end users (emergency managers and the public) in different mapping phases. The paper presumes that the use of low-cost multiple geo-hazard risk mapping system could support strategic emergency managers in planning and responding to disasters. This involves the following objectives:

1.To advance our understanding of multiple geo-hazard mapping and risk assessment methods. 2.To study the different risk perceptions between map producers and emergency planners in the mapping point of view. 3.To synthesis preliminary findings of a series of prototype classroom exercises to and consider how these exercises could bridge the gap between map producers and emergency planners.

Keywords: GIS, Mapping, Risk Perception, Natural Disasters
Stream: Social Sustainability
Presentation Type: Paper Presentation in English
Paper: A paper has not yet been submitted.

Yung-Fang Chen

Senior Lecturer, Department of Geography, Environment, and Disaster Management
Faculty of Business, Environment and Society, Coventry University

Coventry, UK

Dr. Yung-Fang Chen is a Senior Lecturer in Disaster Management and Emergency Planning in the Department of Geography, Environment, and Disaster Management, Coventry University, UK.

Her research interests include risk, crisis, and disaster management, ethnographic research and training simulations and exercises. Based on the socio-technical systems perspective, her PhD focused on the use of training simulations to facilitate complex inter-organisations to respond to flood hazards.

Richard Teeuw

Senior Lecturer, School of Earth and Environmental Sciences, University of Portsmouth
Portsmouth, UK

Dr. Richard Teeuw is a Senior Lecturer in the School of Earth and Environmental Sciences, University of Portsmouth, UK. His main areas of expertise are Applied Geomorphology and Remote Sensing - mapping and assessing natural resources (mineral deposits, groundwater and soils) and hazardous terrain (flooding, slope stability, trafficability.

Ref: S08P0105